Mugabe died on 6 September last year, aged 95 in a Singapore hospital, two years after he was forced to resign in 2017, and after 37 years in power.
Zimbabweans thronged the streets celebrating his ouster.
His successor Emmerson Mnangagwa came in with promises to fight corruption, revive the moribund economy and reduce poverty.
But many Zimbabweans say they are worse off than they were under Mugabe despite his creating an authoritarian regime which savagely repressed opponents.
He is also remembered for implementing controversial land reforms 20 years ago that resulted in economic collapse.
But far from being the expected messiah, Mugabe's former deputy Mnangagwa has also become known for brutally crushing his opponents.
The Gukurahundi was a series of massacres of Ndebele civilians carried out by the Zimbabwe National Army from early 1983 to late 1987. It derives from a Shona language term which loosely translates to "the early rain which washes away the chaff before the spring rains".
In 1983 he unleashed the army that resulted in Zimbabwe most atrocious massacre that led over 20,000 Matebeleland people dead which he described as a "most of madness".
To date the marginalized group has been yearning for an apology & compensation of family of those who were massacred as well as documentation of children birthed during that era.
Robert Mugabe will forever be remembered as a the man who ruled Zimbabwe with a iron fist.